BIO 295: Islands & Evolution

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Spring 2014: Mondays 10:15am – 12:05pm (Fox Hall, Room 204)

Instructor: D. Magdalena Sorger


Download Syllabus



TIME CHANGE: Final exam on Monday, April 28th 9-11AM

Change made to independent project rubric regarding movie length, HW06 posted

Independent project rubric posted

New version of Slides Lec01 uploaded (one slide incomplete and one missing in previous version) & Homework05 is posted

No office hours next week (3/10/2014). ENJOY YOUR SPRING BREAK!

Homework04 is posted & deadline for independent project draft script extended to Friday, Mar 7th 5pm

Homework03 & Extra credit instructions are posted

Homework02 deadline extended to Sunday, Feb 16th 5pm

Slides to all past lectures are now available

Change made to course calendar: Final exam on 4/28/2014 (previously it said "No Class: Reading Days" on this day, that was a mistake, I apologize)

Change made to course calendar: No class on 1/20/2014 (Martin Luther King Jr. Day)

No office hours on 1/6/2014 - please, contact me for an individual appointment this week if you were planning to come to office hours today

Course calendar

DateTopicReadingsAssignmentsAdditional resources
6-JanWhy should we care about Evolution and Islands?

Course Guideline Lec01
Slides Lec01
Reference readings
Freeman&Herron: Ch. 1
Take-home assignment due 13-Jan at beginning of classAye-aye: NatGeo, EpicWildlife, TrueFacts, Wired

Morning sickness: Discover, Flaxman&Sherman2000
Lactose intolerance: CornellNews, Bloom&Sherman2005
Evolutionary programming: Sims1994_1, Sims1994_2, Gritz&Hahn1997

Adaptation and diversification on islands: Losos&Ricklefs2009
13-JanNatural Selection & The History of Evolutionary Theory

Course Guideline Lec02
Slides Lec02
How to read/write a scientific paper: Slides
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 1 & 2

Reference readings
Freeman&Herron: Ch. 3
Futuyma: Ch. 1, Ch. 11 (p. 250-252)
Epigenetics: Scitable article, TEDxOU, Bozeman Science

Darwin & Wallace: The Guardian article, Wallace movie

Course Guideline Lec03
Slides Lec03

Guest speaker: Dr. Terry Campbell (NCSU) (Answers to questions)
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 3

Paper: Zhou et al. 2012 (Ignore Class II transcripts, marked red)

Reference readings
Freeman&Herron: Ch. 10 (p. 380-383)
Futuyma: Ch. 8 (p. 190-192), Ch. 13 (p. 297-299, 306-308, 317-318)
Homework01 due 4-Feb (Tue) 5pm (submit via email) Daphnia: De Caestecker et al. 2007, TEDxFlanders, New York Times

Cuckoo: BBC Natural World - Cuckoo (full movie)

Shade/Sun-adapted phenotypes in plants: Dudley&Schmitt1996

Honeybees: Chittka&Chittka 2010 (Epigenetics of royalty), Kamakura 2011 (Royalactin induces queen differentiation)

More on phenotypic plasticity: Levin: Ch. I.9
3-FebMechanisms of Evolution I

Course Guideline Lec04
Slides Lec04

Guest speaker:
Paul Durst (Duke)
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 4

Paper: Meiri et al. 2008

Reference readings
Freeman&Herron: Ch. 5-7
Futuyma: Ch. 9 (p. 193-199), Ch. 10 (p. 231-235), Ch. 15 (p. 359-363), Ch. 8 (p. 165-178)
Khanacademy review videos: Introduction to heredity, Punnett square fun, Hardy-Weinberg principle

Mechanical isolation: Richard Dawkins on orchid pollination, Masly 2012 (Lock & Key review)

More on orchids: Wasp mimic (BBC)
10-FebMechanisms of Evolution II

Course Guideline Lec05
Slides Lec05
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 5 & 6

Paper: Sorger&Zettel 2011

Reference readings
Freeman&Herron: Ch. 5-7
Futuyma: Ch. 9 (p. 193-199), Ch. 10 (p. 231-235), Ch. 15 (p. 359-363), Ch. 8 (p. 165-178)
Homework02 due 14-Feb (Fri) 5pm (submit via email) EXTENDED TO 16-Feb (Sun) 5pm

draft script due 3-Mar EXTENDED TO 7-Mar (Fri) 5pm (submit via email)
Evolution in NYC: Munchi-South Lab (featuring TedEd video)

Estimates of mutation rates: Denver et al. 2004

Argentine ants (supercolonies): Tsutsui et al. 2000, Moffett 2012

PCR (how to amplify microsatellite markers and other DNA fragments): Video1 (ancient but good explanation), Video2 (more detailed)
17-FebMechanisms of Evolution III

Course Guideline Lec06
Slides Lec06

Guest speaker: Dr. Daniel Fergus (NC Museum of Nat. Sciences) (Answers to questions)
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 7 & 8

Paper: Mendelson&Shaw 2005

Reference readings
Freeman&Herron: Ch. 5-7
Futuyma: Ch. 9 (p. 193-199), Ch. 10 (p. 231-235), Ch. 15 (p. 359-363), Ch. 8 (p. 165-178)
(at latest due on 21-Apr)
Happy-faced spider: Oxford & Gillespie 2001, Croucher et al. 2012

Birds of paradise: Cornell project intro, NatGeo Live

Sexual selection: Marine iguanas combat, Damselflies sperm removal, Cuttlefish (Nature news), Dark Fishing Spider (Science Take)

Additional readings on sexual selection: Andersson&Simmons 2006 (sexual selection & mate choice), Chapman et al. 2003 (sexual conflict)
24-FebEvolutionary Trees

Answer key & follow-up

Course Guideline Lec07
Slides Lec07

Guest speaker:
Dr. Brian Wiegmann (NCSU)
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 9

Paper: Condon et al. 2008

Reference readings
Freeman&Herron: Ch. 4
Futuyma: Ch. 2
Homework03 due 28-Feb (Fri) 5pm (submit via email) Khanacademy review videos: Taxonomy & the Tree of Life

Sexual swellings in old world monkeys: Nunn 1999

More on phylogenetics: Levin Ch. I.16
3-MarPatterns of Evolution

Course Guideline Lec08
Slides Lec08

Guest speaker:
Dr. Brian Langerhans (NCSU)
(Answers to questions)
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 10 & 11

Paper: Langerhans 2009

Reference readings
Futuyma: Ch. 3 p. 48-55
Echolocation in bats & dolphins: Parker et al. 2013

Beetles & host plants: Farrell & Mitter 1998
17-MarSpecies Concepts

Course Guideline Lec09
Slides Lec09
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 12 & 13

Reference readings
Freeman&Herron: Ch. 16
Futuyma: Ch. 16
Homework04 due 21-Mar (Fri) 5pm (submit via email) Cryptic species: Amazonian frogs news post, Funk et al. 2011, Caminer & Ron 2014

More on species concepts: Queiroz 2007, List of 26 species concepts

Course Guideline Lec10
Slides Lec10

Guest speaker:
Dr. Reade Roberts (NCSU)
(Answers to questions)
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 14

Paper: Roberts et al. 2011

Reference readings
Freeman&Herron: Ch. 10
Futuyma Ch. 11 (p. 260-265), Ch. 3 (p. 62-63)
Greenish warbler (ring sp.): Irwin et al. 2001, Website
Salamanders (ring sp.): Video, Moritz et al. 1992

Cichlids: Mutant Planet video, Maruska et al. 2012 (video of cichlid singing included), Kocher 2004 (review paper)

Stag beetles (char. disp.): Kawano 2003
African birds (char. disp.): Kirschel et al. 2009

More on character displacement: Pfennig&Pfennig 2010, Gerhardt 2003

Sorting Finch Species: HHMI

Course Guideline Lec11
Slides Lec11
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 15 & 16

Reference readings
Futuyma Ch. 11 (p. 260-265), Ch. 3 (p. 62-63), Ch. 7, Ch. 15
Homework05 due 3-Apr (Fri) 5pm (submit via email) Mice (adaptation): Vignieri et al. 2010 iBioSeminar Dr. Hoekstra

More on adaptation: Barrett&Hoekstra 2011 (review paper), Blog post

Arctic fish (adapt. rad.): Matschiner et al. 2011
Bacteria (adapt. rad.): News post, Engel et al. 2011
Darwin's finches (adapt. rad.): Grant & Grant 2003
Ants (adapt. rad.): Moreau et al. 2006
Silverswords (adapt. rad.): Robert et al. 1990, Baldwin & Sanderson 1998

More on adaptive radiation: Yoder et al. 2010 (review paper), Nature Ed. Knowledge, Levin Ch. I-19
7-AprThe Evolution of Biodiversity & Life History Evolution

Answer key & follow-up

Course Guideline Lec12
Slides Lec12

Guest speaker:
Emily Meineke (NCSU)
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 17 & 18

Paper: Meineke et al. 2013

Reference readings
Freeman & Herron Ch. 13, Ch. 18
Futuyma Ch. 7, Ch. 17 (p. 407-416)
Why are tropics more diverse: NY Times, Coley&Kursar 2014

Global biodiversity estimates: NY Times, Mora et al. 2011

Fig wasps (Coevolution): BBC video

More on life history theory: Nature Scitable, Stearns 1989, Stearns 2000 (review paper), Levin Ch. I-10

Tungara frogs: Halfwerk et al. 2014, Smithsonian article, Dr. Mike Ryan Lab, Video 1, Video 2,
14-AprIsland Biogeography

Course Guideline Lec13
Slides Lec13

Guest speaker:
Dr. Rob Dunn (NCSU)
Beak of the Finch: Ch. 19 & 20

Reference readings
Futuyma Ch. 6
Homework06 due 18-Apr (Fri) 5pm (submit via email) Island biogeography: MacArthur & Wilson 1963

Empty islands experiment: Simberloff & Wilson 1969, Wilson & Simberloff 1969
21-AprReview & movie presentationsINDEPENDENT PROJECT
Rubric & Information
final script & movie due 21-Apr at beginning of class
The Beak of the Finch: HHMI video clip
(9:00-11:00am, Fox 204)